Post-Prodcution/ Editing

For our daydreaming vignette film, I decided to film at 7am as it would be so cold that the frostbite will be covering the grass making the shots look cold. I woke up at 7 and headed out for 7:15 where I got my first four clips of the glass, ice and leaf in cold conditions. I pulled out the drone and got some shots in the sky to set the scene and some other shots that could make everything look cold.While flying the drone I had it come down close to the ground to get some shots of the glass blowing in the wild. As I was doing so my dog walked over to the drone and starts barking at it while the camera films him. I liked this shot as you could the fog coming from his month showing the cold conditions and the wild blowing the glass around him. After filming for 30 minutes I decided to put the drone away and back to my camera for the rest of the shots. It was here where I found some ice on the ground around some mud and still glass. The shot didn’t look nice while filming but I decided to keep the shot as I felt I could save it in post production by adding some colour corrections to make the shot look colder.

The next day I wanted to get some warm, brighter shots to contrast the cold shots from the day before. I decided to get some shots of the fireplace as I felt I would make the fire look like the glass shot and have the two over lapping each other. After filming that for 2 minutes I decided to go outside and film my last shot before importing all the clips to edit. I filmed the lighter and spray together which made a burning flame which lasted of around about 2 seconds. I filmed the same shot 4 times with the camera settings changed every time. I used the third clip as the hands with harder to see and the flame raised higher covering most of the shot.

I imported all my clips onto my laptop and started editing. I put them in a folder and opened Premier where I put all the clips in order and made the clips around about 3-6 seconds so I’m not dragging the clips out. After all the clips were in order I put the clips in time with the song we were using and tried to match the flow of the music so the film was easy to watch and didn’t stand out. I added some colour correction on some of the clips to make them look warmer or colder depending on how I wanted the clips to look. I applied the effect on the ice clip and it looked very nice with the blue standing out making the main focus on the ice and not the glass around it. I made the flame shot slower as I felt the shot will look better if the audience saw how the flame was made and the grow as a slower speed. I added some fades on some of the clips to make the scene look like time has passed and the ice has covered the once green green. Once that was done the film was done and ready to export.

Overall I enjoyed the unit as I learned more on how to use the camera and the type of settings to use before filming. I felt at the start of the unit my camera techniques weren’t up to my standard but after this unit I felt like it’s getting closer with more practice would higher my original standards. This was my first time editing on my laptop and I have to say that the laptop handled the shots very well with almost every clip played at full quality even with effects on them. If I did this unit again I would like to make more warmer clips with the drone as I feel the clips would look great in 4k with the bright warm colours.

Lightings kits & Techniques

Over the holidays I started researching into some film equipment and the equipment that popped up the most was lights from standard LED to soft box lights. The reason they popped up so much was because they are important pieces of equipment for any film from high production to independent films. I will be going through some of types of lighting and how they all impact your film.

 

Kits

Redheads

Red heads are often used as a key flood light for large areas and used as backlights to light the background of the scene. These are used to show the audience the type of location the characters are in and to understand the situation the character is facing. The more light in the background will bring out the colour of the scene making it look nice showing that the character is safe and happy while having it dark will hide things in the shadows making the character feel watched and scared. The term “redhead” is often used loosely as there is no rigid definition, they do have a history of overheating giving it the name red head.

 

LED Lights

LED lights (also known as light-emitting diode) are portable lights and can be fitted on most dslr cameras. Unlike some lights on this list, LED uses batteries which makes them great for filming outside (at night) as they won’t need a generator to use some of the other lights. LED lights are cheaper compared to other lights and can be useful in some scenes but using LED lights in the wrong way can make the footage look very cheap. Most mistakes are when LED lights are used directly at the subject (character or object) and makes them too bright or makes the colour look poor. Having the LED light not as direct and using it to bounce light, the footage will turn out better.

 

Soft box Lighting

Soft box lighting offers the most (if not the best) lighting for shadows and bouncing light. Soft boxes are more effective at reducing shadows and unlike other lights can be bright without washing out the image (too bright to use). Soft box lights are mostly used for photography but can be very effective in film with the light causing shadows to the scene or to make the whole scene bright with no shadows, depending on what you like the soft box light can do it. Soft boxes are expensive lights and in most cases hard to setup, although some can be quicker to setup and at a cheaper price most of these type of lights are mainly for higher budget production teams.

 

Natural Lighting

The best type of lighting is natural light as having too lights will make the scene un natural and make the audience lose focus in the film. Natural lights are cheaper as you don’t need to pay to use them, you just need to think creative on how you’re going to use them. Other lights can cost a lot of money and most the time won’t be used unless they are needed while using natural lights (from windows and outside scenes) with give that real-life feeling to the scene making the characters as real as possible. You will natural lights for almost every film you make unless the film is hidden in a dark room. The cons of natural light is that its unpredictable and can change at any moment depending on the weather on the day. If the day is raining there won’t much light to use and if the day is sunny but the film is a horror, then it won’t feel natural.

 

 

Techniques

Natural Lighting

Natural lighting is always there and we grow up learning about the sun and the light it begins so there is nothing new to learn about it. We would use the natural light by just opening a window or walking around and film what feels natural. But we shouldn’t rely on natural light as the weather changes from a sunny day to rain in a matter of minutes. Natural light can make the scene realistic with the characters in everyday life which we the audience can relate to. Depending on the time of filming we can understand the situation better, so if the character is walking on a rainy day with grey clouds the light will make the scene look sad so we know how the character is feeling.

 

High Key Lighting

High key lighting is when the scene is mostly bright with a range of light tones to the skin making the subject shiny. High key lighting would usually be used to make the story more upbeat/ optimistic as the shots look artistic. You can make high key lighting with some studio lights and making them go to a high amount of light pointing towards the subject. You can also use natural lighting to create high key stills with the camera settings set high letting in more lights.

 

Low Key Lighting

Low key lighting is when the scene is mostly dark with very little amounts of lighting bouncing of the character’s face or shining off the subject. While high key lighting will focus on the light tones, low key relies on the shadows and deep black tones.  Low key is usually used to hide things in the shadows and gives the shot a dramatic mysterious tone to it.

 

I’ve learned that different types of lighting can impact a film is small ways that make up the scene. Understanding the lights help understand the scene they are used in and will make the scene who important to the film not only for how it looks but also how the characters might feel during that moment in time. I know that before I start filming my upcoming shorts, I need to know what lights I’ll be using and how to use them to tell my story better.